Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin - JP Politische Philosophie und Umweltethik

HS Global Justice

This course addresses normative challenges that arise from globalization with a particular focus on the global economy. In doing so it raises foundational questions in moral and political philosophy (e.g., about the grounds and scope of justice), it reflects questions of method (e.g., about how to do empirically informed normative theory able to guide the action of real world actors), and tackles applied public policy issues (e.g., of how to make the international financial system more just). The course is divided into three parts. The first part examines how principles and values traditionally used to morally assess the political and economic institutions of domestic society apply beyond the nation state. The questions discussed include: What are normatively significant differences between the domestic basic structure and the international order? Do conditions of coercion or reciprocal cooperation give rise to obligations of distributive justice? Do individuals possess human rights simply in virtue of being human, or should we think of such rights as arising within particular political practices? The second part focuses on particular aspects of global capitalism and its institutions. Beginning with the problem of global poverty, which raises empirical and normative questions about the nature of both the interactions and obligations between various actors in the global economy, the course explores what moral principles apply to the practice of global trade, the international financial system and the distribution of natural resources. The third part explores different ways of bringing the global economy in line with the normative requirements that apply to it. Particular attention will be given to questions like: What is the promise of international taxation as an instrument for making the global order more just? Under what circumstances, if any, may the victims of global injustices resort to violence and war as a means of bringing about justice? How should policy makers balance the need for short-term improvements with the aspiration of long-term transformation?